10 films about "Art" to watch on Netflix
1. The last years of Vincent Van Gogh If many filmmakers (Maurice Pialat, Robert Altman, Vincente Minnelli) had already taken possession of the life of Vincent Van Gogh, Julian Schnabel - himself a painter - signs a unique biopic of its kind. Blue and yellow filters, unstable camera, twilight fields, charred sunflowers: the expressionist aesthetic of the film perfectly expresses the mystical torments of the accursed artist. Artist last years are followed in Arles, Saint-Rémy-de-Provence and Auvers- sur-Oise. Although it is always strange to hear Van Gogh speak English, the actor Willem Dafoe fits perfectly into the skin of the painter. With him, other big names from the big screen like Mads Mikkelsen (fantastic), Rupert Friend, and Niels Arestrup. At Eternity's Gate American film by Julian Schnabel • 2018 • 1 h 50 2. The provocative itinerary of Chris Burden Chris Burden was locked in a locker for five days, shot in the arm and crucified on the hood of a Volkswagen, in the name of ART. But he is also the creator of Urban Light (2008), a magical forest of lampposts installed in front of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Nourished by videos of the extreme performances which made him known in the 1970s, comments by art critics, glimpses of his private life and reflections from the artist himself, this documentary released the year of his death in 2016 paints a portrait of a provocative trash, whose works have calmed down over time. Burden A documentary by Timothy Marrinan and Richard Dewey • 2016 • 1 h 30 3. Experts in the kingdom of painters Monet, Rembrandt, Turner, Renoir, Chagall, and others, each episode of this British documentary series, launched in 2011 on the BBC, looks at a possible lost work by a great artist. The goal? Determine if it is an original or an excellent copy! Already at the origin of several discoveries, the English art dealer and art historian Philip Mold and the journalist Fiona Bruce are leading the investigation, assisted by Bendor Grosvenor, an art historian recognized in Great Britain, as well as of a team of scientists and archivists. Ready for a treasure hunt? Fake or Fortune British docu-series • 2011-2019 • 7 seasons each containing between 3 and 5 episodes of 1 hour each. 4. Velvet Buzzsaw: contemporary art in lint In Los Angeles, a mannered art critic, a ruthless gallery owner, and a long-toothed assistant discover the posthumous work of a marginal artist. Dark and tortured canvases that could pay big if an evil power did not inhabit them... Worn by excellent actors including Jake Gyllenhaal, Toni Collette, and John Malkovich, Velvet Buzzsaw reveals himself - despite a caricature a little too pushed - an enjoyable satire across the world of contemporary art. Nonsense, vanity, greed, perversity, fierce competition. Absolutely nothing is spared us! Velvet Buzzsaw Dan Gilroy's American film • 2019 • 1 h 52 5. An artist's fight against Kim Jong-un This superb documentary traces the poignant journey of a North Korean propaganda painter who fled his country in the 1990s to become a satirist artist whose committed works defy the Kim regime. Although one of the first North Korean artists to be able to show his work around the world freely, Sun Mu - a pseudonym meaning without borders - continues to hide his face, including during his performances in public, to protect his family who stayed in North Korea. I am Sun Mu A documentary by Adam Sjöberg • 2015 • 1 hr 27 mins 6. Diary of a Korean painter of the XVIth century In this series River, an art historian discovers the diary of Shin Saimdang (1504-1551), a famous woman painter, poet, and calligrapher Korean XVIth century. Then follows a play of mirrors between the lives of the two women (one fictitious, the other romanticized) and their respective eras. Faced with the beauty and elegance of the staging, we easily forgive the melodramatic exaggerations specific to Korean dramas. The ceremonial of color preparation lulls us, the brushes tracing their sinuous path on paper, the light filtering in through the bamboo leaves, and the ballet of fabrics stretched in the wind. Saimdang, Memoir of Colors Korean series by Yun Sang-Ho • 2017 • 1 season (28 episodes of 1 hour each) 7. Cai Guo-Qiang's pyrotechnic reveries Build a light ladder to reach the sky: everyone dreamed of it, Cai Guo-Qiang did it. This contemplative documentary traces the history of an ambitious and poetic project while painting the portrait of its author, Cai Guo-Qiang, known for his pyrotechnic performances of great beauty. Eye powder? No, because the film also evokes angry questions. Like the fact that this 61-year-old Chinese artist, living in New York since 1995, fueled the propaganda of the Chinese government by carrying out the fireworks for the opening of the Beijing Olympics in 2008. The Celestial Ladder - The Art of Cai Guo-Qiang A documentary by Kevin Macdonald • 2016 • 1 hr 19 mins 8. Art as a remedy This Brazilian story tells us a true story. In 1944, Nise da Silveira rebelled against the electroshock and lobotomy. They were performed by her colleagues on schizophrenic patients in a psychiatric hospital in the suburbs of Rio. To these barbaric methods, this woman doctor opposes art therapy by opening a clinic-workshop, then a museum dedicated to the creations of her patients. Particularly touching and soothing, the painting scenes follow the emergence of a group of self-taught artists of fascinating sincerity. One of the most powerful functions of art is the revelation of the unconscious, says one of Nise only supporters. Nise: The Heart of Madness Roberto Berliner Brazilian film • 2016 • 1 h 49 9. A Polish genius emerges from the shadows In this documentary, several artists relate the life of a forgotten genius: the Polish painter and sculptor Stanislaw Szukalski (1893–1987), who had endeavored to create an art based on the history and mythology of his country, and whose pre-war works were all destroyed by the German army. Emigrated to the United States, this eccentric had become a key figure in the Chicago Renaissance movement in the 1910s, before developing a far-fetched theory in 42 volumes on the history of humanity. Funny detail, the film was produced by Leonardo DiCaprio, Szukalski, having befriended the father of the actor during his exile in Los Angeles in the 1970s. Struggle: Szukalski life and lost art A documentary by Irek Dobrowolski • 2018 • 1 hr 45 mins 10. Contemporary design in series This original Netflix docu-series, produced by multi-award winning documentary filmmaker Morgan Neville, has offered to immerse the viewer at the heart of the work of genius contemporary designers since 2017. After a first season which was interested in the work of the German illustrator Christoph Niemann or the legendary creator of the Nike shoe, Tinker Hatfield, the second season is devoted in particular to the spectacular art of Olafur Eliasson and the costumes of Ruth Carter films. Abstract has the distinction of filming the creative process as closely as possible, letting the words of these everyday hubcaps shine.
seen in Beaux-Arts
10,000 years ago, British were black!
Analysis of the skeleton of an individual who lived in the southwest of England ten thousand years ago showed that he had black skin, brown hair, and blue eyes, thus contradicting the idea that the first Britons were white and blond. Named "Cheddar Man", this well-preserved skeleton discovered in 1903 in Cough Cave, near Cheddar's village in Somerset, underwent a comprehensive DNA analysis that allowed the faithful facial reconstruction of its owner who belonged to a group black-skinned human. Researchers eventually established that clear-skinned Europeans did not appear until around 4000 BCE. Due to genetic changes and to a change in diet, hunters moved to agriculture and a more sedentary life with climatic conditions different from those experienced by their ancestors from Africa. "Cheddar Man" therefore, belonged to a group of individuals who came to Great Britain (we could then pass on foot between France and England) after having passed through Europe 14,000 years ago. According to researchers, 10% of Brits are said to be genetically linked to them. The skeleton analysis has enabled researchers to observe that immigrants' successive waves had reached the British Islands over the millennia. Researchers were also able to find that humans were endowed with different pigmentations when they swarmed across Africa 300,000 years ago before arriving in Europe 250,000 years later. It may be recalled that the study of the fossil of a 7000-year-old individual found in Spain had already suggested that he had dark skin and blue eyes, whereas until now, we had remained in doubt concerning humans living during the Mesolithic period in Great Britain where the study of more recent skeletons showed that they belonged to farmers from the Near East, some of whom already had fair skin. Adrian Darmon for artcult.com
100% sure authenticity does it exist?
How to be sure that the painting you buy is 100 % authentic ? Unless you bought a painting directly from an artist, and that you have a certificate of authenticity emitted by him, and a bill of sale or a paper showing a gift, it is in my opinion impossible to have a 100 % certitude that the painting you buy is authentic. If you buy a painting with a certificate of authenticity, you need to: 1- have this certificate updated at the time you buy or re-sell the painting a/ an expert may change his opinion about a painting. I saw a Parisian expert for Eugene Boudin change his opinion about the painting he authenticated 30 years earlier and that he inventoried in his catalogue raisonne. b/the certificate you have has been made by Mr. X, but today Mr. X passed away and is replaced by Mr. Y. Mr. Y may or may not renew the certificate of authenticity. c/ you need to be sure that the painting has the appropriate certificate: By example a painting by Amedeo Modigliani. You need to have a certificate of authenticity made by Ceroni , only 337 paintings have been admitted as authentic by Mr. Ceroni. The problem is our important expert passed away .. You have other very important experts on Modigliani's work, Parisot, Restellini, etc By example if you have a painting with the COA from Christian Parisot, who is a very charming man, and a great historian, you will have it very difficult to have it sold because he was accused of making fake Modigliani works etc ..see links here under. Restellini ( ex secretary of Christian Parisot !)abandoned the writing of the catalogue raisonne he started since he received death threats ... yes fine art has his" Dark side" very dark... http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/art/news/modigliani-expert-accused-of-being-arts-biggest-fraud-8463883.html http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/03/arts/design/a-modigliani-who-says-so.html?_r=0 2- Does the certificate of authenticity made by a gallery 100 % reliable? a/ if the certificate is made by a gallery of very high standing, they will have the certificate made by the sole recognized painter in any way. Often these galleries were exhibiting the artist in the past. Those galleries are of course reliable but I will always ask the original certificate since several scandals made surface recently and especially one of the oldest gallery in the USA, the Knoedler Gallery in NY: http://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/12/arts/design/lawsuits-in-knoedler-forgery-case-are-set-for-trial.html http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/08/12/marc-dreier_n_3744677.html b/ if the certificate is made by a gallery that is not considered as one of the top 25 galleries in the world, just consider that this certificate is completely useless. You always should request the original updated certificate by the sole recognized authenticator and submit your buy to the contingency of providing this certificate if they don't want to see the sale canceled.
14 French museums put online 100,000 artworks photos, free to use.
From the Petit Palais to Carnavalet, from the Cognacq-Jay Museum to the Museum of Modern Art in the city of Paris, this "open content" operation aims to "promote the increase in the visibility of works and knowledge of collections in France and abroad " , explained Paris Musées in a press release. These museums, containing many treasures, suffer from the notoriety of Parisian giants like the Louvre, Orsay, the Grand Palais or the Center Pompidou. The opening of the data "guarantees free access and reuse by all of the digital files, without technical, legal or financial restrictions, for commercial or non-commercial use, " said Paris Musées. Beyond the 100,000 of today, Paris Musées will put more and freer access images as they are digitized and when they go into the public domain. It will now suffice for the Internet user to go to the Paris Musées collections site, and, using keywords - for example, Petit Palais and Claude Monet - to display all the corresponding works, accompanied by cards indicating the date of realization, the materials used, the origin. It will then suffice to download the image he has chosen to have it in high definition. Each user will receive in addition to the image and the notice of the work, an invitation to cite the source and the information on the work. "If this license is already used by international museums such as the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam or the Metropolitan Museum in New York, Paris Musées is the first French Parisian institution to take it up," the press release said. Le journal des arts
2 Men in custody after arrest for the theft of a Banksy work in Paris
Two men, 32 and 35, were arrested in Val d'Oise and Seine-et-Marne on Tuesday morning, according to a source close to the investigation confirming information from LCI. They were taken into custody as part of the investigation opened by the Paris prosecutor's office on September 3 following the theft of a Banksy stencil near the Pompidou center, according to this source. A judicial source confirmed to AFP "police custody" on the commission of an investigating judge, who can then decide whether to put them under investigation. Banksy's works were seized during the searches; they still need to be assessed to know whether they are originals or copies. The work stolen near the Pompidou center has not been found. The British artist, who likes to keep his identity secret but is one of the most highly regarded in his community, had struck a big blow in June 2018 by disseminating a series of stencils, sometimes with a very political tone, in the capital. He had claimed authorship of eight works on his Instagram account, including a hijacking of the painting Napoleon Crossing the Alps by Jacques-Louis David, a sad-faced silhouette on a door of the Bataclan or a small masked rat holding up a pencil (or a cutter), near the Center Pompidou. It is this work "produced on the back of the entrance panel" of a parking lot which was stolen on the night of September 1 to 2. The Pompidou center had filed a complaint "for theft and damage, within a space within its perimeter" . The Paris prosecutor's office then opened an investigation, entrusted to the 1st district of the judicial police. Le Journal des Arts
2020 is a milestone for the art world but in what way?
The Covid-19 marked the year; its human, economic and social consequences will continue to fall until vaccines allow recovery to be considered. But how has the pandemic changed our behavior, our vision of the world? We note that changes are underway without subscribing to the optimism announcing the inevitable emergence of an inevitably more responsible “next world”. For our discovery of art the pandemic has amplified our use of digital technology to consult the sites of museums, art centers, and galleries. In a matter of months, technology and editorialization made their access more attractive. So much so that the amateur, even if he believes himself convinced that the physical encounter with the work is irreplaceable, has now become accustomed to first obtaining largely virtual information to select his travel program. The discovery is made on the Web; the confirmation will eventually come on the spot. The Covid-19 has strengthened the good health of digital companies and that of GAFA (Google, Amazon, Facebook, Apple), but 2020 may also have started a turning point. Critics of their monopoly power, their nuisance, their ability to convey fake news, to stir up violence have increased. The European Commission has just presented two regulations in an attempt to regulate them. In the United States, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) joined by 48 states has filed a complaint against Facebook to separate from its subsidiaries, Instagram and WhatsApp. The FTC recalls that American justice has already dismantled trusts, such as American Telephone & Telegraph. However, decades of proceedings had been necessary. Le Journal des Arts , Emmanuel Fessy How pandemics change the art world Video
2020, will be a dark year for the artworld.
Who would have predicted that culture would be paralyzed in Europe and in the world. Who had thought that museums, art centers, cinemas, and theaters would be closed, fairs and festivals canceled, art galleries prohibited from access, and artists, painters, photographers, musicians and actors locked away? What the art world is going through today is unprecedented, surreal even, in its capacity to go beyond the imagination. In mid-March, in a few hours, everything suddenly stopped, first for a while; then what seemed like a parenthesis ended up lasting and turning our lives upside down. "Nothing will ever be the same again", we hear all day long about health, human relations, but also culture. But what could change? A/ To start, the means granted to culture: it is accepted that the bill left by the Covid-19 will be high, and no one sees how, in the months and years to come, cultural establishments and projects could pass between the mesh of budget restrictions. B/ Then, attendance: the more than 80 million foreign tourists who visit France, its museums and monuments each year, will take time to come back. Simultaneously, the public of art and heritage lovers, such as school children, will see their visiting conditions change (by reservation, in small groups, etc.). For how long ? No one can say it today. C/ Finally, the exhibitions: the postponement and cancellation of part of the spring and summer exhibitions creates a real headache in institutions' programming for the next twelve months and a slowdown in activity. SURREAL - The Covid-19 pandemic plunged the world into a surreal situation that brought the art world to a standstill: artists, museums, galleries ... But the crisis linked to Covid-19 reveals another truth, an older one: the race for major exhibitions and attendance records which has accelerated over the past twenty years, further unbalancing the cultural offer of major cities that cannot register in the circuits of international art loans. In truth, this crisis has long been identified by museum actors. In France, several curators and directors have been calling, for several years, for a return to the local, a return to permanent collections that are sometimes forgotten, if not neglected, by a system focused exclusively on events. How many still go to a museum to take the time to admire a painting? Experiments are being carried out in this direction in Rouen, Lille, Rennes, Grenoble, Orléans, and elsewhere to revitalize the collections and give meaning to the institution. The great Parisian museums have understood this, which today play on both sides simultaneously by being part of the program of major international exhibitions while seeking to improve the reception of visitors and by being united. That is why, without denying the dark years that will befall culture, this crisis can be an opportunity to rethink our relationship to museums and the history of art and artists. Let's have a more responsible and united relationship, also more individual, based on experience and knowledge, where longer and sometimes more demanding exhibitions would rely more on the richness of the French collections and the artists working in France. For Walter Benjamin, it is necessary to create the concept of progress based on the idea of catastrophe. That "things continue as before," continues the philosopher, that is the catastrophe. "
© Le Journal des arts
3 women in the shadow of their companion
History has not always celebrated women artists as they deserve, to put them in the background. These women have often crossed paths with a better known, more powerful, or sometimes more manipulative in their history. Their destiny and their careers were profoundly changed. Illustration with three iconic portraits. Still massively invisible in art, women have long had to fight to be able to practice it on the same basis as men. Until the 19th century, School of Fine Arts was still forbidden to them. Yet, as in so many other disciplines , women excel until a man sometimes comes to break their career. This is what happened to Dora Maar, Margaret Keane, or Camille Claudel. Their names are still linked to those of their spouse and, thus, often relayed to muses' rank. Dora Maar: under the influence of Picasso When the name of Dora Maar is typed on Google and the words "lover and muse of Picasso" appear. For decades, it was first presented as an "element" that built the myth of the Spanish painter. Hidden in the shadow of the sacred monster of painting, Théodora Henriette Markovitch (her real name) was above all a photographer, painter and poet of the surrealist movement. Born in 1907 in Paris, Dora Maar first trained in painting with artist André Lhote, then at the School of Photography in Paris. The 8th art then becomes her true vocation. She created her studio making many fashion photographs, for advertisements or magazines, nude photos or photomontages. She walks the capital to capture moments of life, in search of a passer-by, a detail that will arouse her curiosity. Her talent and her reputation also lead her on film sets, notably for the film Le Crime de M. Lange by Jean Renoir. The "Tout-Paris" flock to her workshop. The young woman is successful and at 28, is financially and intellectually independent. With a keen eye on the world around her, she does not hide her political convictions from her artist friends. Dora Maar in her studio at 6 rue de Savoie in Paris. Copyright RMN-Grand Palais (Musée national Picasso-Paris) / Mathieu Rabeau, © ADAGP, © Estate Brassaï - RMN-Grand Palais, © Succession Picasso 2020 In 1936, Paul Éluard officially presented him with the man who would bring about his downfall: Pablo Picasso, then 55 years old. A romance is born between the two. But Picasso was an authoritarian and violent man. He pushes Dora Maar to stop photography to devote herself to the unique art that matters to her to better dominate her: painting. Her flourishing career then came to an end, making her financially dependent on her lover. Pablo regularly beats Dora. In 1937, he made fifty-three works called La Femme qui pleure, with his young mistress as his only model. Dora Maar serves as a model for Pablo Picasso, but her influence goes further. If the story goes that she would have only witnessed the creation of the famous painting Guernica , she would nevertheless have advised her spouse to create a work on the subject. "It is possible that Picasso's most political painting, the one which earned him this worldwide reputation as a committed artist, might not have existed without Dora Maar", explains Julie Beauzac in her podcast Venus plucking her pubic hair? Worn out by her daily life with the artist, Dora Maar will lose her sense of reality and sink into depression. Picasso will then send her to the famous psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan, who will prescribe her electroshock sessions without anesthesia (today, electroconvulsive therapy is still prescribed against depression ). She will then be interned in a psychiatric hospital, before separating from Picasso, and withdrawing from the world, in the Luberon. She will remain cloistered there and will turn in a fervent devotion to the Catholic religion until her death, in general ignorance, in 1997. Neon Magazine - Lisa Black -------
30% of US museums will have to close due to Covid19
According to a report by Unesco and the International Council of Museums, one in eight museums in the world could disappear in the years to come (Icom). Following the covid-19 pandemic superimposed on the economic crisis, 85,000 institutions, or 90% of the world's museums, had to close temporarily and 13% of the 1,600 museums audited by Icom announced their final closure while 19.2% did not know if they could continue to function. Nearly 83% of museums will already be forced to make drastic cuts in their budgets, and 30% will reduce their payroll. It should be noted that the number of museums in the world has increased by 60% since 2012 while their operation depended on their attendance and the aid they received. The most affected have been African and Oceanic museums which have not been able to go online while internet access in these regions has remained restricted. In Europe, the Stedelijk and Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam lost up to 2.5 million euros per month. In the United States, museum losses totaled 4.5 billion dollars with predictions of up to 6.8 billion for the year 2020, which will undoubtedly lead to the closure of 30% of these institutions. © Adrian Darmon, Le Journal d'un fou d'art
5 Biggest forgers ever + youtube video
1/ Hans van Meegeren, the Vermeer more real than life "I painted it myself. I painted them all…" To escape the death penalty, incurred for selling Dutch treasures to the German enemy during the Second World War, Han van Meegeren had spat out the piece. A gifted portrait painter, he had mounted the biggest scam of false works by Dutch masters, using, with the help of an accomplice restorer of paintings, pigments and period supports. His true-to-life Vermeers had even duped the Nazi leader Hermann Göring, the purchaser of a Marie-Madeleine washing the feet of Christ for 1,650,000 guilders. Except that at the trial, nobody believed Han van Meegeren and the forger had to make a fake Vermeer under the eyes of specialists. The demonstration made, he was sentenced to one year in prison, the minimum sentence. Because of cancer, he will never purge it. 2/ Fernand Legros, king of crooks Rolls-Royce, monkey skin jacket, and big beard: Fernand Legros was a top scam! Son of an accountant, this king of mythomaniacs, cabaret dancer and sandman, made his fortune in the years 1960–1970. Legros sold false masterpieces to American billionaires, helped by Elmyr de Hory and Réal Lessard, who knew how to paint "like" Modigliani, Matisse, Picasso ... The trick? Obtain certificates of authenticity - usually after a good meal with lots of alcohol - from the families of artists and experts. On the run for many years, Legros has been at the center of several trials, all lost. Ruined, he ends his days in a village in Charente. 3/ John Myatt & John Drewe, English scam This British duo sold between 1986 and 1995 more than 200 false paintings. Myatt made Chagall, Dubuffet, and Nicolas de Staël, and Drewe took care to shape their pedigree by polluting museum archives, reasoned catalogs like those auctions, with false documents. Drewe had also created Art Research Associates ... which provided expertise! The little game ends for John Myatt at Brixton prison, in the south of London, where the so-called "Picasso" will paint his fellow prisoners, before being released and ending up on television shows. John Drewe spent three years behind bars. Released, he plunges back into the scam. 4/ The Greenhalghs, a golden family Between 1989 and 2006, in a pavilion in the suburbs of Manchester, Shaun Greenhalgh, an unemployed quadra living with dad and mom, but brilliant self-taught, made ceramics, paintings, and pieces of gold smithery from the Middle Ages. Egyptian Antiquity. Everything the art world wanted, the small family business Greenhalgh created it. In all, some 120 counterfeits that his retired parents, and his brother, sold on the art market. His biggest hit? Le Faune, which was shown at the Art Institute of Chicago, a nugget for art historians: the first ceramic by Paul Gauguin, dated 1886! An error on an Assyrian bas-relief ended up putting the ear to Scotland Yard, who will send Shaun to prison for four years. What about business money? It disappeared. 5/ Wolfgang and Hélène Beltracchi, the Bonnie & Clyde of the painter's brush. Raoul Dufy, Georges Braque, André Derain, but also Fernand Léger, Max Ernst, Van Dongen were his specialty. For almost thirty years, German Wolfgang Beltracchi has sold a famous catalog of moderns! The secret of this restaurateur's son? He imagines missing paintings. "Wolfgang has never copied; he has only invented," argued Hélène, his wife and accomplice. Wolfgang painted with period materials, aged the labels by soaking them in coffee, and Hélène posed in early 20th-century costume amid the canvases. The couple could thus tell that their works came from a heritage. Unmasked in 2010 because of an anachronistic pigment on a Campendonk, Wolfgang Beltracchi has been released from prison since 2015. He works to repay his debts as an artist! © Beaux-Arts
5 Master works by Leonardo da Vinci
Mona Lisa It is undeniably the most famous painting by Leonardo da Vinci, but also of the world. It is the many mysteries that continue to hang over the Mona Lisa, or Portrait of Mona Lisa, that have gradually fueled the myth that surrounds it. Was she a man? Is she smiling? Why does she seem to look us in the eye? What does his posture mean? There are many theories that analyze and interpret this painting, the extraordinary technique of which continues to fascinate experts. Leonardo da Vinci would have painted the canvas on his finger, making brush strokes almost impossible to detect. The Mona Lisa attracts millions of visitors every year to the Louvre. A section in virtual reality is dedicated to the Mona Lisa, in an attempt to explain the mysteries as well as possible. The Lord's Supper It was the Milanese duke Ludovic Sforza who commissioned Leonardo da Vinci to paint this fresco depicting the last supper of Jesus Christ, who made him famous. Started around 1495 and completed around 1498, The Last Supper is famous for its original technique for a fresco of the time, the use of dry paint on several preparatory layers usually left damp, which has weakened the work since many times restored. The realism and pronounced character of the personages, a perspective similar to trompe l'oeil that places the main vanishing point directly on the face of Christ, have raised many mysteries about the possible hidden meanings of this fresco, which, like many other works by Leonardo da Vinci , is among the most famous in the world. Vitruvian man Made around 1490 after the treaty of ancient architecture by the Roman architect Vitruve, this drawing, the most famous of Leonardo da Vinci, represents the ideal proportions of the human body. Based on the writings of Vitruvius, he places the body of the man in a circle and in a square of which the navel and the genitals constitute the centers, and composes his body in the following way: Four fingers make a palm, and four palms make one foot, six palms make an elbow: four elbows are the height of a man. And four elbows make a double step, and twenty-four palms make a man. Symbol of humanism and the Renaissance, it links the many sciences studied by Leonardo da Vinci at the time and testifies to the artist's obsession with perfect human representation in art. Saint Jean Baptist The painting dated between 1513 and 1516, kept in the painting department of the Louvre Museum, is said to have been acquired by Louis XIV in 1662. It represents Saint John the Baptist in the dark, dressed in an animal skin, a crucifix in the left hand and right hand facing the sky. As with Mona Lisa and many of his other paintings, de Vinci used the sfumato technique to apply a very fine layer of paint, giving the canvas a vibrant effect. The subject of many interpretations, Saint John the Baptist, would embody both the creation, the saint's spirituality, and the invitation to faith. It underwent a significant restoration in 2016. The Virgin of the Rocks Sponsored by the Milanese lay brotherhood of the Immaculate Conception and produced between 1483 and 1508, The Virgin of the Rock, also called The Virgin, Baby Jesus, Saint John the Baptist and an Angel, represents the meeting between Jesus of Nazareth and John the Baptist. Made in two different versions, the first between 1483 and 1486, and the second between 1491 and 1508, only the first version, exhibited at the Louvre, can be attributed with certainty to Leonardo da Vinci. As with other of his paintings, the second version could be attributed to a third party under the direction of the master, here the painter Giovanni Ambrogio de Predis. The techniques used for the color and the light, more neutral and more nuanced than wanted then the tradition, made a revolutionary work of it by the dark and intimate atmosphere which it releases.
Vogue Paris article
5 paintings at auctions that marked the year 2021
1/ The most expensive work of the year Unsurprisingly, it's the usual artist who has exploded the auction counter this year. The most expensive work sold in 2021 is none other than Woman seated near a window (Marie-Thérèse) (1932) by Pablo Picasso (1881-1973). Auctioned for $ 103.41 million at Christie's in New York last May, the painting represents Marie-Thérèse Walter, the artist's companion, and muse. Sold for $ 6.8 million in 1997, $ 95.2 million in 2006, then $ 44.7 million in 2013 at Sotheby's in London, the canvas has increased by more than 1400% compared to its price. original. 2/ A lost Fragonard rediscovered After two centuries of disappearance, Le Philosophe lisant (1768-1770) by Jean-Honoré Fragonard (1732-1806) ignited the auction last June. Sold for 7.68 million euros in Épernay (Marne), the work was kept in a family's living room in Epernay without the latter knowing its value or origin. During the succession inventory, Maître Antoine Petit, auctioneer of Enchères Champagne d'Épernay, notices the master's signature on the back of the painting and has it appraised. According to expert Éric Turquin, who authenticated the work, "it is the pinnacle of 18th century French painting, first of all by its subject and by its extremely brilliant execution by Fragonard, very fast, very light ". 3/ The most expensive portrait in the world The year started on a roll. In January, The Portrait of the Young Man Holding a Medallion (1470-1480) by Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510) became both the sales record for a painting by the Renaissance master but also the most expensive portrait in the world, as well as the second most expensive old painting after the Salvator Mundi attributed to Leonardo da Vinci (auctioned for more than 383 million euros in 2017). These new records show the perpetual increase in the prices of the paintings of the old Italian masters and the effectiveness of the communication work around the event by the auction house. The masterpiece has found a buyer at Sotheby's New York for 76.2 million euros. 4/ The most expensive painting by Frida Kahlo Last November, Diego y yo (1949) by Frida Kahlo made history. Auctioned for $ 34.9 million at Sotheby's in New York, the painting set a new auction record for the artist and a work by a Latin American artist. Kept private for 30 years, the surrealist self-portrait represents the artist with tears in her eyes, with an image of her husband Diego Rivera on her forehead. 5/ Banksy's most expensive work Impossible to finish the year's balance sheet without mentioning the success of the most famous of the anonymous Street Artist. Last October, The Little Girl with the Self-Destroyed Red Balloon , or Love is in the Bin, became Banksy's most cherished work. Auctioned for £ 18.6 million at Sotheby's in London, the famous performance canvas has increased its price by 18 times since its initial sale in 2018. A year that has been particularly successful for the works of the British artist at auction, since 'it has seen two other exceptional sales: Game Changer (16.75 million pounds) and Sunflowers from Petrol Station (14.6 million dollars). Seen in Connaissance des arts, article: Agathe Hakoun